The Palestinians still live in a daily struggle with the Israeli occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and since 1967 they have been deprived of the most basic requirements of normal life in the practical and humanitarian spheres. The most suffering human groups in this regard are those that are destined to live forcibly close to the settlements and the checkpoints under the complete civil and military control of Israel, which constitute more than 50% of the West Bank, where the Palestinians are deprived of bread and dignity. In some areas of the West Bank, there is almost a settlement at every hill that has its own road leading to it. It is surrounded by walls and checkpoints, which impede the movement of Palestinians in their pursuit of their livelihood or family contact with relatives and friends. The violence they are exposed to on the part of the settlers discourages many of them from going to their lands to farm them, to care for their sheep, or to reap their harvest. This is if these settlers keep what they gain or earn.

The Palestinians also face a major problem in the limited number of building permits issued by the occupation authorities, which prompted many families that naturally multiply to build without a permit and risk demolishing what they build after a short time, which forces some of them to leave forcibly. In this context, says the International Committee for Protection in Israel and the Occupied Territories: “Violence committed by settlers creates invisible barriers that impede farmers from accessing their lands. Administrative difficulties in obtaining a permit to build or develop infrastructure in some rural areas also create invisible barriers. And invisible checkpoints can take the form of closed military zones and firing zones where it is difficult to graze livestock ... These things together create invisible barriers for the people who live in rural areas of the occupied lands.

Read more :

The reality of the water sector in Palestine

Faced with this reality, many Palestinian families live in situations of suffering, terror, and persecution, represented by settlers' attacks on their homes, properties, and farms, so windows and doors are broken sometimes or fruit trees cut down at other times, or people are prevented from going to their work or to hospitals and schools, or electricity and water are cut off. about her. Amidst this military siege, a comprehensive Amnesty International report is issued from time to time on the overall conditions in the occupied territories, revealing forms of the oppressed Palestinian people’s suffering, the most prominent of which are the cases of humiliation and oppression at checkpoints spread throughout the West Bank, which do not exclude doctors, ambulances and journalists. In this context, one of the punishments widely spread at checkpoints is to keep Palestinians for long hours without any protection from the sun or rain, and sometimes even expose them to gunfire that may amount to death. Zionist soldiers who kill or wound Palestinian citizens enjoy immunity and legal protection, and in the worst case, they are only sentenced to a few days of formal detention that ends with their release and may even congratulate them on their aggressive behavior, while Palestinians who disobey the soldiers' orders or violate the prohibition measures Touring the military courts, and they are sentenced to pay fines and actual imprisonment for up to five years.

In many cases, the Zionist soldiers inflict the immediate punishment on the Palestinians by beating or confiscating vehicle keys or drivers ’identity cards, or shooting at the wheels of cars. And Amnesty International speaks that it is impossible for Palestinians to lead a normal life with the many checkpoints that cut across the West Bank, and with the apartheid wall that has turned Arab villages into isolations suffering from economic and social suffocation, given that the number of residents of these isolated villages reaches 200 thousand citizens. . The United Nations envoys say that many of these besieged families are suffering from misery, extreme poverty and chronic malnutrition.

Amnesty International stresses that Israel hinders the Palestinians from obtaining any work, no matter how poor, and also prevents them from obtaining clean and sufficient water. These measures have also led to a sharp rise in prices and great difficulties in exporting products, which exposes crops and food to spoilage. Some families are forced to sell property and borrow from relatives and friends to buy food on debt. At a time when the number of people of working age increases (15 years), job opportunities decline and unemployment increases. Palestinian women also bear the consequences of all this, inside and outside the home. In a society where men used to be the traditional earners of sustenance and women who worked outside the home used to do so in areas requiring skill, more women were forced to perform menial work or irregular work for low pay, which increased tension and problems within families and led to Many cases of conflict and divorce.

These squalid conditions are exacerbated by the Israeli obstruction measures, especially the security and military checkpoints on the main and secondary roads, which include concrete blocks, iron gates, earth mounds, and trenches. In a report issued by the United Nations Office for Humanitarian Affairs last year, it was found that the total number of these checkpoints and checkpoints has reached more than five hundred, in addition to the separation wall, whose length exceeded seven hundred kilometers and a depth of 20 kilometers inside the two West Bank lands, with the accompanying expulsion of Palestinians Of their lands and their seizure as an integral part of the Jewish settlement projects throughout the West Bank, especially Jerusalem, which has so far included more than 200 settlements within which there are more than 530,000 Jewish settlers. In addition to the foregoing, what the Palestinians call bypass roads or alternative roads according to the Israeli terminology, which are divided into three parts: a section that is subject to absolute Israeli use and is often used for military purposes, a section that allows the Palestinians to conduct it but with an official permit, and a section that allows Palestinians to use it freely but is subject to inspection Consequently, to blackmail the soldiers and their various methods of disability and humiliation, contrary to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to what the Israelis are trying to propagate about their army as a "moral" army, which is certainly the exact opposite.