The fifth of April of every year marks the 26th anniversary of the adoption of the Palestinian Child’s Day in 1995, with more than two million children living in Palestinian society.

According to statistics published by the Central Bureau of Statistics last year, nearly half of the population in Gaza and the West Bank are children under the age of 18.

However, these children face many challenges due to the conditions of living under the Israeli occupation and the social and economic problems it has left for decades, not to mention the outbreak of the pandemic virus, which has added more suffering.
In terms of the right to life, the occupation forces continued to target children with the aim of killing or wounding, killing 9 children during the year 2020, ranging in age from 14 to 17 years, 7 of them in the West Bank, and two in Gaza.

With the advent of this national occasion, about 140 minors are detained in the occupation prisons, distributed between Ofer and Majdou prisons, apart from the interrogation and detention centers.

According to a commission specialized in monitoring prisoners' affairs, from the year 2000 until today, more than 16,000 children have been arrested in the occupation prisons.

It is noteworthy that such arrests have severe psychological, social and health effects on children and their future, in addition to the destruction of Palestinian society.

It also witnessed the deprivation of children, especially the sick, of their right to movement, in the context of medical transfers necessary for their transfer from Gaza, for example, to hospitals in the West Bank or "Israel", to obtain the necessary treatment.

Refusing the requests of sick children sometimes causes them to be denied the necessary treatment and death, as happened in many cases.

The internal division also contributed to reducing the spaces for services and freedom that should be available to children.

With regard to the "Corona" pandemic, the chances of protecting the child from contracting the pandemic decrease due to poverty and overcrowding in schools.

The state of poverty experienced by the people of the Gaza Strip, exacerbated by "Corona", prompted dozens of children to turn to labor and beggary.

The Ministry of Social Development says that about 400 children in Gaza are counted on the list of beggars, as a result of the continued Israeli blockade.

While reports indicated that one third of the total number of students in schools did not join the virtual classes after the adoption of distance education.

This type of education did not guarantee equal opportunities or achieve equality for all in access to education.

The Corona crisis did not stop at the education sector only; The demolition of Palestinian homes and installations by the occupation bulldozers has increased. During the past year alone, Israeli forces demolished 815 Palestinian buildings in the West Bank and Jerusalem, which led to the displacement of 173 families, including 505 children.

It is noteworthy that the Palestinian Child’s Day is an occasion to review and evaluate the roles and responsibilities of all actors in the child justice system and re-arrange priorities based on the recommendations of the International Committee on the Rights of the Child, and the plans that confirmed the necessity of activating the National Council for Children as a body responsible for drawing and monitoring child rights policies.